Learning solution that maximizes every moment for all students to progress toward high-level achievements. It also helped create a whole new era of social interaction 200 b. Develop math skills through explicit, systematic instruction with Connecting Math Concepts and more. Content in World History Connected is intended for personal, noncommercial use only. If there is any program of study that has the potential to help students and citizens cultivate these three qualities, world history must be it.
Even if they were, I have the strong sense from abundant historical examples that it is an extremely difficult matter for one people or one society to persuade others to make wholesale transformations, and I think it is close to being a fundamental lesson of history that when one people tries to impose its ways forcibly on another that is unwilling to accept them, it runs the serious risk of dissipating its strength, squandering its resources, and bankrupting itself in the process. In the absence of this web of ties linking the United States to other lands and peoples, the American Civil War is almost inconceivable. There are countless historical examples of multicultural societies in which different peoples managed to get along with one another, and frequently enough to thrive while doing so. The Mediterranean and Indian Ocean basins were the sites of massive communication and exchange networks that brought different peoples into systematic interaction. It also helped stimulate economies along the trade routes. What I do see is that the study of world history has good potential to encourage understanding and constructive engagement with difference. In China, the Taiping rebellion also ultimately failed, enabling a weakened Qing dynasty, hobbled further by unequal treaties, to hold onto power for another half-century.
Even when it is dangerous or distasteful, acquaintance with the political, social, and cultural traditions of different peoples can help students and citizens learn to understand the concerns of other peoples, to recognize their legitimate interests in the larger world, and to demand that their political leaders engage constructively with other peoples in the interests of resolving tensions, avoiding conflicts, and negotiating policies and practices that are generally fair in a world full of divergent interests. Wait just a minute here. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. Let me briefly state two very different arguments that indicate different kinds of general guidance that students, citizens, political leaders, and policy makers might draw from the conscientious study of world history. Yet the study of world history makes it clear that all societies depend on relations with their neighbors and that negotiations of their divergent interests have profoundly influenced the development of individual societies and the world as a whole.
My first claim has to do with world history as a form of historical knowledge. They did so in different ways, through processes that were sometimes more and sometimes less violent, always reflecting the influence of local conditions, so all the processes were unique developments. Research-based, research-proven instruction that gives all children the opportunity to succeed. This line of reasoning implies that there are some ways of dealing with the larger world that are wise, and some that are not so wise. Like wars of unification in Italy and Germany and the Meiji Restoration in Japan, the American Civil War addressed some of the fundamental tensions in American society, established a political and legal foundation for the emerging national state, and launched a process of rapid industrialization. In order to access these resources, you will need to or for the website takes literally 1 minute! Of all the fields of scholarship, world history offers the deepest and richest understanding of the world and its development through time, it has excellent potential to promote constructive engagement with that which is different, and it has strong potential as well to foster the development of good judgment, with the possibility that good judgment will transmute in some cases into genuine wisdom about the fundamental issues confronting the contemporary world.
For details read our and. Powerful and flexible standards-based curriculum to spark inquiry and ensure social studies mastery. Within the context of U. We all know about the pressures that humans have placed on the supplies of petroleum and fresh water. The study of history can hardly have much value or benefit unless it stands on a solid foundation of accurate and reliable knowledge. There are certainly some purposes that world history does not serve particularly well. During the past generation or so, world historians have generated a sizable body of scholarship exploring the connections, comparisons, and systems that help to situate historical development in larger appropriate contexts.
It is helpful for historians to recognize, however, that the different experiences of nineteenth-century societies represented their different ways of responding to common challenges that were new to them all. At various points over the past century, selected American political leaders and opinion makers saw fit to demonize Chinese, Japanese, Russian, German, Vietnamese, Iranian, and other peoples. There are many signs of environmental stress. Does world history tell us exactly what policies we should pursue in the interests of improving the world's natural environment? It is of course both possible and necessary to understand the Civil War as an episode in U. Nobody knows, obviously, but we do have good indications from historical experiences that human beings are capable of bringing destruction on their societies because of human-caused environmental damage—and we know also that human beings have on some occasions taken successful steps to reverse environmental damage, as in the case of reforestation in Japan.
Alongside the various connections linking the United States to a larger world, comparisons between American and other societies also help to locate the Civil War in global context. High prices for raw cotton brought prosperity to all these lands and India as well during the Civil War, but the return of American cotton to the global market contributed to the collapse of prices and a severe global depression in the 1870s and 1880s. That is the temptation that animates rabid nationalists, religious fundamentalists, xenophobic racists, and other ideological zealots who teach that the chosen group is the only acceptable source of identity and meaning, that it must be the only focus of allegiance, and that all members must surrender themselves to its needs and interests. With the aid of advanced technology, commercial fishermen have even pulled so many fish out of the sea that more than a few species now face the possibility of extinction. From this viewpoint, connections and comparisons enrich the understanding and deepen the explanation of a unique historical experience. Even if the study of world history does not suggest specific courses of action to follow when challenging problems arise, much less a blueprint for the future of humanity, it certainly has outstanding potential to offer at least useful general guidance on issues that are prominent in the world today. It holds that for many purposes, although admittedly not all, world history is the best scholarly approach for the analysis, understanding, and explanation of the world and its development through time.
Yet another argument for studying world history is moral, in that it has to do with the kinds of personal conduct and public policy that are appropriate for the contemporary world, and that is the one I would like to develop here. Constructive engagement with difference does not mean abandonment of national interests. Wisdom is an elusive quality. Another quality has to do with intellectual flexibility: the ability to get outside of oneself, entertain different points of view, and understand complex situations from multiple perspectives. Serious study of world history can help American students and citizens view the peoples of the larger world with clearer eyes, and the improved understanding that flows from the study of world history can then serve as a foundation for constructive engagement with difference in the larger world. To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.
Over the years, educators and policy makers have suggested or assumed various reasons for studying world history. It sounds like just the qualities that would be desirable in conscientious students and citizens, not to mention political leaders and policy makers. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. Even as educational curricula make space for the study of world history, there remain very good reasons for historians to focus attention also on more local, regional, and national histories. In other words, wisdom requires individuals to learn how to deploy good judgment even when they recognize that they are working with imperfect information about complex situations. So world history is one of the big intellectual issues that compel thoughtful people to pay attention. Elsewhere in Europe, the revolutions of 1848 did not bring about the new political order that their leaders sought, but they launched an era of class-based political action, as newly emerging groups of workers sensed common interests.