Before the firing I saw a stick thrown at the Soldiers. Preston, in order that you might be out of danger, in case they fired? At this Time I was between the Soldiers and the Mob, parleying with and endeavouring all in my Power to persuade them to re- tire peaceably ; but to no Purpose. In a few minutes after I reached the guard, about 100 people passed it and went towards the custom house where the king's money is lodged. I did not hear the Captain speak after he answered me. Yet there was something… Adams seemed at home in the courtroom, like an experienced mariner navigating the shoals of a dangerous coastline. This remiss Conduct in me perhaps merits Censure ; yet it is Evidence, result- ing from the Nature of Things, which is the best and surest that can be offered, that my Intention was not to act offensively, but the contrary Part, and that not without Compulsion. If the jury found him, and his men, guilty of murder as the indictment suggested, he could only expect death as a penalty.
I heard someone call him Captain Preston, so I knew his name. The Wills of Thomas Preston and Thomas Preston, Jr. On my asking the soldiers why they fired without orders, they said they heard the word fire and supposed it came from me. Not one witness testified that he wore red, but only a few people claimed he wore a surtout, presumably cloth colored, while other witnesses argue that he did not. When he told 'em to fire he turned about to me. I was so near the officer when he gave the word fire that I could touch him. I heard one of the Guns rattle.
The Preston case came to trial in the Queen Street courthouse in October. In a few minutes after I reached the guard, about 100 people passed it and went towards the custom house where the king's money is lodged. Later that morning a thirty-four-year-old Boston attorney, , was visited in his office near the stairs of the Town Office by a Boston merchant. Peter Cunningham Upon the cry of fire and Bells ringing went into King Street, heard the Capt. He said he was a Gentlemen and would pay every body. A little time a second.
I heard the word fire several times but know not whether it came from the Captain, the Soldiers or People. Thomas Handaside Peck I was at home when the Guns were fired. Apparently, a soldier fired a musket into the crowd, immediately followed by more shots. I remember by what he said or his actions I thought he was offended at being questioned. In my Way there I saw the People in great Commotion, and heard them use the most cruel and horrid Threats against the Troops. Close this pop-up window to remain on this page Key Figures in the Boston Massacre Trials Two Private Hughs: White and Montgomery Branding of Montgomery and Killroy Two privates in the British 29th Regiment of Worcestershire named Hugh, Hugh White and Hugh Montgomery, played central roles in the tragic events on the night of March 5, 1770.
His back was to me. John Adams evidently succeeding in creating doubts in the minds of jurors as to whether Preston ever gave an order to fire. This action left several wounded and five dead including an African-American named. I looked him in the face and heard and saw it come out of his mouth. This plan has since been discovered.
I saw what he was wearing Calef continued to describe exactly what Preston was wearing, accurately. I was then looking on the Soldier who fired. In 1888, over objections of the Massachusetts Historical Society, which saw Attucks more as a villain than a hero, the Crispus Attucks Monument was dedicated on the Boston Common. He was in front talking with a Person, I don't know who. A little space after another, and then several. This, as I was captain of the day, occasioned my repairing immediately to the main guard.
Hancock later served on a committee appointed to convey demands to Lt. He went down to the Centinel, drew up his Men, bid them face about, Prime and load. Whether he touched them I know not and said by God I'll stand by you whilst I have a drop of blood and then said fire and two went off and the rest to 7 or 8. They then asked me if I intended to order the men to fire. I was in such a situation that I am as well satisfied there were no blows given as that the word fire was spoken.
As a member of the commission selected to review the case, your job is to examine the following documents to decide if the verdicts were fair, and if not, discuss whether the case should be reviewed and history rewritten. The People told me there was going to be a Rumpus with the Soldiers. Robert Treat Paine summed the crown's case. On Monday night about 8 o'clock two soldiers were attacked and beat. This, as I was captain of the day, occasioned my repairing immediately to the main guard.