He led an interesting life, but only a tiny fragment of it remains in the stories and documents that survive. Laura Scudder had the idea to sell potato chips in waxed paper bags. Crum with a small fish symbol. Abraham Crumb page handwritten 56 and 30 both appear. She was born Nancy Thompson on October 10, 1843 in Cobleskill a community in the Mohawk Valley to the Southwest of Saratoga County. Those three things led to her death notice being reported in newspapers all over the country, focusing on just those three things.
Moon or her able assistant cook of African descent. These service jobs were some of the only ones that were open to people of color. Durkee, reprinted by The Saratogian 1927—28. In 1932, Herman Lay founded Lay's in Nashville, Tenn. Torrey, there was an active exchange over several months about the inventor of the Potato Chip. So good, in fact, he was hired by Cary Moon to work at his restaurant. There was another small change in the story; she included some information about Pete Francis.
Small steam powered boats left the dock for tours of the Lake and stops at other Lake Houses. The singer, too, was asked to produce non-traditional sounds and phonetical vocalizations, sometimes based on parts of a text, and often requiring great virtuosity. George was also interviewed by a reporter who asked for his recipe for Saratoga Chips, not as the inventor, but as a Lake House cook. I have only been able to find some very brief mentions of Crum being the inventor of the Chip and nothing giving the level of detail of the 1885 Hotel Gazette article. I will begin by focusing on two versions of the story that detail the discovery. Cook to help him establish a home on Saratoga Lake where he acted as a guide for fishing parties and served the catch in his modest home. The few documents surviving from his trials do indicate that some members of his extended family were called as witnesses, but no one in his immediate family shows up.
His grandfather used the name Crum or Crumb, but may not have used the name Speck. George, Esther and Nancy all had a role in entertaining, George handled cooking the fish and game, Esther prepared the vegetables and Nancy supervised service and kept things running smoothly. His step, once light and elastic, is heavy, but that is due to high living and the consequent avoirdupois that has overtaken him since he gave up the chase. By the time he died in 1914 he had hosted Presidents, Senators, and the rich and famous at the restaurant he built, and his skills as a hunter fisherman and guide were almost as prized as his prowess as a chef. George was facing his 50s, game was getting scarce, he had the resources of his growing farm at his disposal, and he may have been filling a void created by the death of Peter Francis. County of birth is listed as Oneida, indentified as Diana Speck, mulatto, fifty eight years old.
The relationship between George Crum and Nancy Hagamore has been the subject of a great deal of speculation, during their lifetimes and in the years after. If you were writing about the birthplace of the potato chip there would be little reason to even consider it happened someplace else. Not only would these men have provided plenty of business on their own, their patronage brought Crum to the attention of other wealthy clients and to newspapers. Regis Paper Company in 1973. Torrey there was an active exchange over several months about the invention of the Potato Chip. In many ways the hotels and Lake Houses were victims of their own success by the 1870s since it was growing harder to find game in the area.
Apparently George had mixed success in finding qualified servers, some patrons described them in unflattering terms and at other times were shocked to find well-educated college students serving their food. There is also no way to know if Crum was just a variation of Speck or if Speck was a variation of Crum although it is easy to see the similarities in the name. As a supplier to the two major Lake Houses, and perhaps others, George gained a reputation among the Lake House owners as a skilled hunter and fisherman, and the owners may have recommended George to their customers. Congress Park about 1830 Most customers at the Lake Houses and likely many of those that hired George as a guide were visitors to Saratoga Springs, and may have only been in town for the brief Saratoga summer season. But George Crum was not planning to involve his potato chips in the marketing business. For several decades after their creation, potato chips were largely a Northern dinner dish. George Crum page 109, family 225.
After the sale of the Crum homestead she lived in Ballston Spa and her twenty six year old son Abraham lived with her. The guest was ecstatic over the browned, paper-thin potatoes, and other diners requested Crum's potato chips, which began to appear on the menu as Saratoga Chips, a house specialty. Speck, page 6, family 57. Only the youngest son, George Jr. And the White Sulphur Spring first hotel operated for only a couple of years from 1845 to 1847 or 48 with resurgence in the 1870s. It would be easy for a writer to assume that this had been used from the beginning. The Cook's Own Book: Being A Complete Culinary Encyclopedia.
He was born in 1822 in Saratoga, New York, though there are claims that he came from the Adirondacks. Diamond Mb With Numerous Original Receipts, And a Complete System of Confectionery, Boston: Munroe and Francis; New York: Charles E. Carey Moon, who had a quantity of them fried and put into paper cornucopias for the guests. The newspaper profiles may have convinced George to have his story immortalized in another way, by purchasing a biographical sketch in a history of Saratoga County. The encampment offered an opportunity for visitors to see Native American artisans who made baskets, beaded bags and other decorated items while demonstrating other aspects of Native American Life. Almost all of Crumb's vocal music, comprising a large part of his total output, was based on the poetry of Federico Garcia-Lorca, for whom the composer had a truly rare affinity. Today, chips are packaged in plastic bags and pumped with nitrogen gas to extend the product's shelf life.
George claimed to have attended the common schools of Ballston Spa and that is possible because persons of color apparently attended school with white students in Ballston Spa. Henry Barclay He was only there until 1746. After all, potatoes were a very common food often fried. Pete Francis Source: Saratogian, June 5, 1953 At some point Evelyn Barrett Britten must have come across a reference to Peter Francis inventing the potato chip. One of the cooks at the Sans Souci at the time George started working may have been Peter Francis, although the exact years he worked there are unclear. For example September 18, 1741 Abraham son of Primus and Rachel Speck, p 36. No matter if the potato chip was invented originally in Saratoga Springs or not, this writer, from experience, can vouch for its tastiness- it really is one fine potato chip.
George Crum at work in his kitchen along with images of Nancy Hagamore and Esther Crum. Several reports on Crum himself, including a commissioned biography of the chef published in 1893 and his own obituary, were curiously missing any mention of potato chips whatsoever. How did you make it? Edgar Allan Poe was an American author. Ballston Spa, even before Saratoga Springs, was a destination for wealthy visitors who sought to get out of northern cities in summer and to escape the heat of the south while sampling mineral waters that were widely believed to not only keep you healthy but cure disease. By 1865 she had moved in with her daughter Mary Francis and her family in Malta. The less interesting account was that it was simply a regular albeit whiny farmer, hungry from a long day out in the fields. Crumb's music was largely freely ordered and non-tonal.