Gandhiji was an epitome of non-violence and harmony and after the violent and ruthless Jallianwala Bagh massacre he thought that the path of fighting for the freedom of the country was too ruthless and that many innocents were tortured and killed for the motive of freedom. Satyagraha or protesting through passive resistance became the primary tool of the Indian freedom movement. Duggirala Gopalakrishnayya He organised the in the small town of Chirala-Parala in Guntur district against the Government's plan to make the town a municipality and the hike in local taxes. There was unrest among students. It was successful in the Andhra region.
Causes Gandhi entered the Indian political arena around 1916 and initially his ideals were aligned towards the fairness of the British rule. He was against Gandhi's decision to withdraw the movement. Das, was one of the first women volunteers to court arrest in 1921. The merchants were disturbed by the possibility of decreases of their high war-time profits. Jitendralal Banerjee He organised the peasants in 1921-22 to resist settlement operations in Bogra, Pabna and Birbhum. Many innocent lives were lost and the country wept for the innocent lives lost. They had two demands which were: First, Jazirat-ul-arab, Arabia, Iraq, Palestine and Syria would still be under the Muslim empire.
These words of Gandhi appealed everyone and all became blind after him. Withdrawing of students from government funded schools and colleges. Hindus and Muslims in a bond of fraternity got ready for a mass movement. Provincial Congress Committee and arrested some members present there and seized the draft resolutions of the Congress. The Non-Cooperation movement The Non-Cooperation movement was started under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi in 1920 to remove the British government from the country. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was sentenced to 18 months rigorous imprisonment for declaring his intention to picket foreign shops and attending a meeting of a committee to decide to write letters to the owners of shops selling foreign cloths. He was regarded as a logical heir of Balgangadhar Tilak.
Due to this the Central Powers were defeated. Then, Gandhi was also arrested in the year 1922. The Congress wanted to start mass civil disobedience movement. Non-cooperation movement is declaring the peaceful and non-violent war against the atrocities of the British government, which had gone back on its words. Role of Mahatma Gandhi in Khilafat Movement It was not who told the Ali brothers Maulana Mohammad Ali Jauhar and Maulana Shaukat to start the Khilafat Movement.
Gradually jails of the country were filed with non-cooperation volunteers. Eminent persons like Rajagopalachari, Vallabhbhai Patel, Gopabandhu Das, Ajmal Khan, Subhash Chandra Bose and Jawaharlal Nehru joined the movement. He was involved in the quasi-political cause. Barely a few days after this correspondence, the Chauri Chaura incident took place on 5 February 1922. Twenty two policemen were brutally killed by the violent mob after the conflict between the mob and the policemen of the Thana. In 1921, at the Allahabad Session of the Indian National Congress, it was decided to launch Non-cooperation movement at both individual and Mass levels. Soon after that the British and the Allied powers announced the Turkish Peace Treaty which imposed severe terms on Turkey.
Like other contemporary political minds, he had assumed that, post war, the people of India would move towards self-governance rapidly. Several Hindu leaders expressed their sympathy with the Muslim claim. This made the Muslims upset as they were worried what would happen to their worship places because of the act of the Allied Powers. Prices of goods began to soar which affected the common man. As for the leaders of the Swaraj movement, the congress representatives too decided to let go of the non-cooperation movement. Image Credit: The Non Co-operation Movement in India The Jallianwala Bagh massacre was one of the ruthless and a hostile incident that took place in the history of India. He was a prominent leader of the movement who urged the people to adopt Swadeshi principles and habits, including hand spinning, weaving and work for the removal of untouchability.
By now, it was understood that India was soon going to be partitioned. The most outstanding feature of the Non-Co-operation Movement was the willingness and ability of the people in general to endure, to a remarkable degree, hardship and punishment imposed by the imperial Government. Singaravelu Chettiar He was a lawyer and labour organiser in Madras and played a significant role in the labour and freedom movements. Das gave up their legal profession. This violent event disturbed Gandhi and he ordered for the immediate suspension of the movement.
On 4 September 1920, Congress met at Calcutta in a special session. As mentioned earlier that the movement was initiated by Mahatma Gandhi so that there will not be any bloodshed. The congress leader called the movement too passive for any form of reformation to take place and some even said that there was a need for a strong protest in order for them to successfully drive away the British Raj. After an angry mob murdered police officers in the village of now in state in February 1922, Gandhi himself called off the movement; the next month he was arrested without incident. Here, we are giving the list of personalities associated with Non-Cooperation Movement for enhancing the knowledge about the personalities who shaped the Indian independence movement from British rule.