Nursing Science Quarterly, 3, 162- 169. In contrast, I advocate a meaning orientation for the following two reasons: 1 To focus on the pursuit of personal happiness and success may lead to egotism, disappointment, and psychological disorders. At this level, meaning-seeking is a continuous process because ultimate meaning is by definition unreachable. Self-transcendence, spiritual well-being, and spiritual practices of women with breast cancer. Journal of Nursing Care Quality, 25 4 , 334-343. Nursing Science Quarterly, 27 1 , 68-69.
Personal project pursuit: Dimensions and dynamics of personal meaning. Practitioner as Theorist: A Nurse's Toolkit for Theoretical Thinking in Nursing. Conclusion and Implication for Practice. A sense of calling straddles between ultimate meaning and situational meaning. A cross-sectional design was applied, selecting two counties in central Norway from which 20 municipalities representing 44 different nursing homes took part in this study. An emerging paradigm for the investigation of spirituality in nursing.
The prevalence of symptoms was fairly high, with fatigue 57% , pain 49% , constipation 43% and dyspnoea 41% as the most frequent physical symptoms, while 30% were depressed and 12% had anxiety. Self-transcendence and correlates in a healthy population. Theory and metatheory in an undergraduate research course. It also generates new research-questions on the associations between self-transcendence and well-being. A person who achieves self-realization understands the interworking of both their conscious mind and the unconscious mind and integrates their unique dichotomy into their sense of a self. We typically seek ultimate meaning through self-refl ection and philosophical or spiritual inquiries.
Flow: The psychology of optimal experience. If you know anyone who is constantly working to meet the needs of less fortunate others, who is driven not by money or rewards but by an internal drive and is always concerned with doing the right thing, you likely have an example of self-transcendence right in front of you! Researchers who are interested in human development, spirituality, and positive behavior traits are quite familiar with the concept and have incorporated it into their work. These rare individuals are another case study in self-transcendence. How to Achieve Self-Transcendence If you want to achieve self-transcendence for yourself, there are ways to go about it. Such a conceptual framework may contribute to a meaning-centered curriculum for Life and Death Education that emphasizes the importance of personal responsibility to develop the spiritual values of will to meaning and serving the greater good.
It is through recognition of the basic human need for meaning and transcendence that we are able to fully appreciate what is right and noble about human beings. Resilience, sense of coherence, purpose in life and self-transcendence in relation to perceived physical and mental health among the oldest old. Middle-Range Theory of Self-Transcendence: A graph representation. The demographic characteristics of the sample are presented in. A treatise on nursing knowledge development for the 21st century: beyond postmodernism. First, middle-range theories have simple and straightforward ideas.
Spiritual inquiry and well-being in life-limiting illness. Frankl argued that, in spite of their physical limitations and their need to depend on others to take care of them, they can still live with dignity as long as they take a heroic stance and maintain an attitude of freedom and responsibility for their own happiness. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 65 7 , 638-647. Visions: Journal of Rogerian Nursing Science, 3, 25-34. Self-transcendence and well-being in homeless adults. Resilience, sense of coherence, purpose in life and self-transcendence in relation to perceived physical and mental health among the oldest old. Almost the entire literature on personal improvement focuses on the self, such as self-esteem, self-efficacy, and self-actualization.
Spirituality and nurse-patient interaction have shown significant impact on quality of life QoL in nursing home patients, providing health promoting resources. The 2-factor structure was psychometrically superior the original 3-factor construct of hope in this particular sample. Masters, 2012 Metaparadigm Concepts Health - Reed defines health in the context of well-being. This study also had several important strengths, including the simultaneous examination of several potential mediators. Nursing Research, 35, 368- 374.
Empirical evidence will be presented to support the hypothesis that the pursuit of meaning is healthier than the pursuit of personal happiness. Philosophical issues and nursing science. The surveys in this study have been used primarily in research settings, and more inquiry is needed to determine their usefulness in clinical practice. In Nursing Knowledge and Theory Innovation: Advancing the Science of Practice pp 215-230. Three Levels of Self-Transcendence But how do we practice self-transcendence? Self-transcendence is considered a developmental process of maturity in adulthood and a vital resource for well-being at the end of life, thus self-transcendence could be a useful approach. Nursing Science Quarterly, 30 3 , 260-261.
Practitioner as theorist: a reprise. Self-Transcendence, Aging and Well-Being Logotherapy or meaning therapy is uniquely designed to meet the spiritual and existential needs of the aging population. Frankl had to convince them that their suffering actually gave them a rare opportunity for human achievement. Masters, 2012 Metaparadigm Concepts Environment - the environment is composed of family, social networks, physical surroundings, and community resource, all of which make significant contributions to the health processes that nurses influence through their management of the therapeutic interactions among people, objects, and nursing activities. This theory has mostly been accepted by the nursing community, and research has shown that self-transcendence plays an integral role in healing and in dignified acceptance of the end of life. A model for constructing a conceptual framework for education in the clinical specialty. Critical Care Nursing Quarterly, 33 2 , 138-147.
The concept originates from and organismic meta-theory meaning humans are not born empty to be filled, but are actively in pursuit of actualization. Preferences of patients and oncologists for advanced ovarian cancer treatment-related health States. Psychological Inquiry, 18 4 , 211-237. Holistic Nursing Practice, 22, 25- 31. In other words, only by fully developing our spiritual nature can we become optimally functioning human beings. The structure of goal contents across 15 cultures.