In 1983 she developed and chaired an ophthalmology residency training program. The assassination of Martin Luther King Jr. It was electrifying and uplifting to be exposed to black people who represented academic excellence, and I had wonderful mentors, Dr. She spent extra hours helping in her biology class lab, was editor of her high school science newspaper, and won many science awards. In 1959, she was selected for a National Science Foundation summer program for high school students at Yeshiva University. She attended and graduated from two colleges: Hunter College and Howard University Medical College. I reached the conclusion that the cause for the high prevalence among blacks was due to lack of access to ophthalmic care.
Bath traveled to Yugoslavia in 1967 to study children's health which caused her to become aware that the practice of eye care was uneven among racial minorities and poor populations, with much higher incidence of blindness among her black and poor patients. Cataracts generally occur in people over the age of sixty, and nearly anyone who lives long enough will develop them. Her next two employment opportunities solidified her decision to incorporate social consciousness into her career. She has broken ground for women and African Americans in a number of areas. Bath married and had a daughter Eraka, born 1972. From 1983 to 1986 Bath was also the first woman chair of an ophthalmology department.
Warren, Wini, Black Women Scientists in the United States, Indiana University Press, 1999. On these travels she has performed surgery, taught new medical techniques, donated equipment, lectured, met with colleagues, and witnessed the disparity in health services available in industrial and developing countries. Memberships: ; National Medical Assn; Amer Society of Contemporary Ophthalmologists; Amer Public Health Assn; International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness; Amer College of Surgeons. She noticed that Harlem Hospital had mostly African-American patients and also had more severe eyesight problems than the white patients at Columbia University Black Biography. That same year, she was accepted into the Hunter College Hall of Fame. With the Laserphaco Probe and procedure, Dr.
The difference between the old method and her new invention was the difference between the use of highly accurate laser technology and the somewhat subjective accuracy of a mechanical device. Her father inspired her love for culture and encouraged her to explore different cultures. She decided to be a homemaker while her children were young, then later became a housekeeper to help fund for her children's educations. It consists of an optical laser fiber surrounded by irrigation and aspiration suction tubes. Newspaper accounts of the humanitarian work of Dr. Today the device is use worldwide. Because of what she observed, she decided to conduct an epidemiological study that showed that blindness was twice as common among African Americans as it was among whites because African Americans had less access to quality ophthalmic care Black Biography.
Some common conditions that ophthalmologists treat are cataracts, glaucoma, strabismus, diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration and amblyopia. In that same year Bath was inducted into the Hunter College Hall of Fame. Her interest, experience, and research on cataracts lead to her invention of a new device and method to remove cataractsthe laserphaco probe. She then attended Howard University Medical School. In 1977, she and three other colleagues founded the American Institute for the Prevention of Blindness, an organization whose mission is to protect, preserve, and restore the gift of sight. She persuaded her professors at Columbia to operate on blind patients there for free, and she volunteered as an assistant surgeon. Bath received a patent for her invention on May 17, 1988, and became the first African American female doctor to receive a patent for a medical invention.
An immigrant from Trinidad, he was the first black motorman for the New York City subways, wrote a newspaper column, and worked as a merchant seaman, traveling all over the globe. She took two years of biology and advanced chemistry while there, and ended up finishing high school in two-and-a-half years, rather than the normal four. She was awarded the Edwin Watson Prize for Excellence in Ophthalmology by her mentor, Dr. Bath says her mother scrubbed floors so she could go to medical school. Based on her observations at Harlem Hospital, Bath published evidencing the higher prevalence of blindness among Blacks, as well as the higher prevalence of glaucoma as a cause of blindness. In Germany, she served as Visiting professor at the University of Free Berlin and the Laser medical center. She was able to convince her professors at Columbia to perform surgery on the blind for free.
The Laserphaco Probe combined an optical laser, irrigation system and suction tubes. She was president of the Student National Medical Association and received fellowships from the National Institute of Health and the National Institute of Mental Health. Her data and passion for improvement persuaded her professors from Columbia to operate on blind patients, without charge, at Harlem Hospital Center, which had not previously offered eye surgery. By identifying children who need eyeglasses, the volunteers give these children a better chance for success in school. Bath graduated with a baccalaureate degree from Hunter College in 1964, then from Howard University School of Medicine in 1968.
Though facing many obstacles throughout her life Bath overcame them and spun them in her favor to be the first to do many things. She was also appointed assistant professor at the Charles R. During her internship, she observed large proportions of blind patients at Harlem Hospital in comparison to patients at the Columbia University Eye Clinic. The head of the research program realized the significance of her findings and published them in a scientific paper. Though inexperienced and shy, she was encouraged to believe in the power of her ideas. His stories and mementos of foreign places broadened his daughter's vision of the world and gave her a lifelong yen for travel. Following her internship, Bath completed her training at New York University 1970-73 , where she was the first African American resident in ophthalmology.
The greatest inspiration in her life, however, was her parents. Along with her other inspiration she did this, which was the love of humanity and passion for helping others. . Work Cited Page Lindberg, M. Bath continues to lecture and travels the globe in her ongoing fight to combat blindness. She was among the co-founders of the ophthalmology training program.
Bath has lectured internationally and authored over 100 papers. While studying at the Harlem Hospital in 1968, she noticed that the eye clinic was unable to perform surgery. Their lives are a bit busier, but they are also more careful to not get dirty, and their bodies haven't started producing hormones that can create odors. Bath graduated with a baccalaureate degree from Hunter College in 1964, then from Howard University School of Medicine in 1968. She developed a laser device to remove cataracts. Patricia Bath also holds patents for her invention in Japan, Canada, and Europe. Bath was able to recover the sight of several individuals who had been blind for over 30 years.