Most of these island farm on small marginal lands. Some islands found natural resources such as gold Guyana , bauxite Jamaica and natural gas and oil Trinidad. Many found that life could be something beautiful. In these countries the exploitation of mineral resources has directed economic development and growth and attracted labour away from peasant farming. Many Island introduced agricultural education into primary and secondary level education, after the recommendation of the West Indian Royal Commission the Norman Commission of 1897 that placed emphasis on agricultural education in the West Indies. As a result mono cultivation took place which basically was the production of one single crop on a large scale without rotation year round.
Many depend on Tourism while other countries have natural resources which allow their economies to diversify. Also, given the poor quality of land that these peasant farmers would have obtained after slavery, they can hardly make a living on these small holdings and are forced to seek outside work. The establishment of peasantry also influenced social life in the Caribbean. A Short History of the West Indies,. While these countries ascended, some never got going. The Young Colonials-A Social History of Education in Trinidad and Tobago 1834-1939; Carl C. This may be due to richness and availability of resources in each country.
Families worked together to tend to the variety of animals being reared and they all took part in planting and harvesting the crops. New York: Elsevier Applied Science. But not all countries has experienced a positive peasantry life. In countries such as Haiti and Guyana, Peasantry reigns, so do poverty, illiteracy and underdevelopment. If this continues it may source a problem along the lines of an increase in the unemployment, and poverty rates. Anonymous Peasantry has played a major role in the development of the Caribbean region; today is responsible for the creation of many institutions that have shaped our society today.
On the plantation where these ex slaves worked, practiced mono cropping, planting only sugar. This peasantry kept close bonds amongst families and the ex-slaves. However other islands such as Trinidad, Jamaica and Guyana that are not so vulnerable to natural disasters have found new alternatives other than the cultivation of crops to become more diversified and economically developed by producing oil, natural gas and bauxite. Many countries had natural resources which help to boom their economy while others lacked resources. As relatively little work has been done on the post-emancipation British Caribbean, most of the titles listed are not monographs but articles in journals and edited collections. Rena Noel 812003288 Anonymous The role of peasantry has encouraged economic diversification in that new crops were introduced in large quantity apart from subsistence food and livestock.
Focussing on either Trinidad or Guyana, explain how the immigration of people from the Indian subcontinent and East Africa enabled planers to control their Afro-Caribbean labourers. Various social institutions were built in order to enhance social diversification. This caused their main crop to only be bananas. They also established societies such as the Agricultural Society of Trinidad and Tobago and the Jamaican Agricultural Society which are still functioning even to this day. The rice cultivation is not affected by hurricanes since Guyana lies south of the path of Caribbean hurricanes and none is known to have hit the country. This also created a portal for social movement upwards. Colonial Conservation, Ecological Hegemony and Popular Resistance: Towards a Global Synthesis.
For example, Trinidad has oil, natural gas, pitch, Jamaica has Bauxite, Cuba with oil and nickel etcetera. Another contributing factor is tourism which appears to be the greatest selling point in the Caribbean as tourists are attracted to the warm climate and the sun,sea and sand. In addition the exslaves focused primarily on farming, however with the industrial revolution and the new countries, work is not agricultural in origin, it is mainly on factories and commerce. My Mother, who helped me with the collection of data and my friends for the constant reminders and encouragement to remain committed to the task at hand. One main reason for this is the settlement patterns of these peasants after they were freed. These advances in construction was made possible by the ex slaves working together and pooling together their resources to purchase land.
For instance, Dominica is majorly dependent on growing bananas. In 1838, slavery was abolished and there was an economic switch from the plantation to Peasantry. Another factor that would lead to the different states of economies in the Caribbean are natural disasters. Most Caribbean countries still rely heavily on agriculture as their main economic provider. Approximately over 1000 black Americans came to the Caribbean most of them became craftsmen and did not work on the estates. Some islands are hilly and this would make developing a productive plantation difficult and time and energy consuming making it inefficient and crops would have higher prices. However, due to the invention of new machinery being used by foreign markets, it allows goods to be sold at a cheaper rate.
For example in Grenada, nutmeg was introduced in 1498 as a plantation crop and Grenada today is the second largest producer of nutmeg. Abolition of slavery was difficult for the colonies, which had to adjust to having a majority of new citizens who could not be denied the civil rights already grudgingly extended to the few. Also, some countries are better off than others because they found other natural resources to depend on. Week 4 Further obstacles to freedom. If a Caribbean country solely depends on agricultural exports for their income they may need to resort to other ways of receiving revenue. Another main contribution would be that they reinforced export trade, bringing in capital and strengthening the economy.
The plantations were mostly mono-crop; one popular crop grown in the Caribbean for export was sugar cane. Economic Policy and the Environment: the Caribbean Experience. Lastly, some countries are bigger than others. These communities provided a sense of religion and purpose with the implementation of churches and schools Land Reform 1987. Availability of land -Many moved to islands where there was land available to establish residence. Keron Brache 812002813 The role of the Peasantry vastly contributed to the development of Caribbean agriculture, society and economic diversification. Characteristics of Caribbean peasantry Historically existed on the crevices of society — any area where the main economic activities of the Europeans did not have control.