Because of a complicated network of politically silent identities, coupled with a history of protracted and seemingly stubborn wars and instability, Nigeria is high on the list as one of the most unstable states in Africa. And as among the Christians, the Muslims also have umbrella bodies which aim at propagating different understandings of Islam. While the average southerner is industrious and depends on his enterprise as means of sustenance, the average northern Muslim depends on government patronage for his existence. And in such occasions it has resulted to factions and denomination. Since Moslem women must always wear full-length dresses and have their faces covered, they cannot participate in the Olympic Games.
Melson and Wolpe described this situation in the following words: Our argument. The clamour for Sharia has been long in the offing because it will give Muslims the opportunity to suppress and oppress non-Muslims. We need education that will enable us build air-crafts, wireless electricity if permitted by the will of Allah, and not this one that teach us how to develop evil plan, how to snatch power, how to give and take bribe, how to commit interne fraud and propagate all sorts of social vices and injustice on the earth. The major ethnic groups in the Northern part are the Hausa, Fulani and Kanuri of the old Kanem-Bornu Empire, while the Southern part consists of well over 250 ethnic groups concentrated in Plateau, Bauchi, Southern Kaduna, Adamawa, Sardauna former Northern Cameroons and Benue areas. However, all written above has not defined what religious conflict is but has only given us an introduction to what the researcher tends to discuss.
They are just as deadly as Boko Haram but less well known. Identity has been a significant aspect of the Nigerian political process, during the colonial period and in the post-colonial era. Ethnicity is a social phenomenon that is related to interactions among individuals of different ethnic groups within a political system where language and culture are the most prominent attributes. Motorcyclists are arrested and jailed for carrying female passengers. Remember the kidnapping of the Chibok Girls? There are more than 5 million Fulani currently in Nigeria. This calls for religions dialogue among the religions involved. Miss Grace Agi from Faculty of Public Health emerged the best graduating student.
For that reason, it is difficult to distinguish ethnic conflicts from religious ones in this country. Between 1999 and 2013, more than 11 000 deaths have occurred as a result of more than five hundred incidents of communal violence. How can we reduce poverty by not going to work? Based upon the primordial social facts of ethnography, geography, religion and culture, Northern Nigeria can be divided into two broad communities: the Far North and the Middle Belt. If it can, this will be a major havoc of God negating his absoluteness. These structures are perceived as incompatible with modernity and its pluralist values… 17.
And then the Nigerian army embarked on devastating reprisal attacks in Saki-Biam. So also on December 1990, in Kano where there was a riots by maitatsine sect, where 4,177 people died and extensive properties were destroyed. Christianity designated Sundays as a day of rest and worship. Fascination about the Hausa land lured Europeans in the form of colonial adventurers and Christian missions. Sharia had been a sticking point in Nigerian politics for decades. This time around again there were repraisal attacks in the South-East, South-South, parts of North Central and the South West. However, this does not necessarily explain or construe the religious nature of man.
Conference proceedings, monograph series 16. If Sharia is constitutional, then it will be constitution for Southern states to declare Christianity as their state religion and the Bible as their official constitution. In a nutshell, it should be noted that religion is multi-dimensional and therefore, cannot be pinned down into a definition. However, some fanatic northern Nigerian elected officials are insisting that Muslims are Muslims first and Nigerians second and, therefore, are entitled to live by the sharia Islamic law. But how rational or how plausible is it for two notable religions to fight against each other, killing and giving a psychological aftermath or psycho-negative effect since God can neither be described as a Christian nor a Muslim? Later, boys and girls will be required to attend separate schools.
Although there are over 400 languages in Nigeria, only three are considered important while the rest are considered minor languages. Not all Nigerian Muslims who share the same core values of Jihad and Sharia are in agreement with the activities of Boko Haram. Since the return of civilian rule in 1999 following a protracted period of military rule, Nigeria has continued to experience recurring ethno-religious conflicts. The warming causes more water vapour to be evaporated. Preserving stability and accelerating growth.
Ethnic pluralism and ethnicity in Nigeria. Finally, the paper takes us through the time-line: African traditional and pre-Islamic era; the Caliphate era; the colonial the British and the missionary era; and the post-colonial era politicians and soldiers. The major objective of the Committee is to monitor the pulse of adherents of both religions and quickly nip any brewing religious crisis in the bud. Omotosho Swedish Missiological Theme 2003, P. Journal of Nigeria Studies, 1 2 , pp. It also encouraged an asset bubble, because it was cheap to borrow and this encouraged unsustainable lending.
And later the Nigerian army was involved in the dispute and throughout the fights approximately 5000 people were killed. American political science review, 97 1 , pp. There were some major socio-political differences between the Muslim and the Traditional groups in the North, which had important implications for both mission and colonial policies. The contradiction is these elected officials were elected through a secular constitution that is the supreme legal document of the land. Within the space of twenty five years of its existence, several violent, political and ethno-religious crisis have been reported in the State and all effort to restore peace has not achieved the desired end. Thus far, we have identified four very important social factors in the history and making of Nigeria worth mentioning, namely, traditional, Islamic, colonial, missionary and Christian. Second, ethnicity is seen as a way for collective action.
Journal of modern African studies, 39 1 , pp. Therefore, if a Local Government election is conducted and a Christian wins the election in any of the Sharia states, he cannot hold office because an infidel cannot rule a Muslim under Sharia. The Sharia politicians deceived people that Sharia would bring justice and development. Corpses were seen lying in the streets and people's bodies hanging out of cars and buses, apparently killed while attempting to flee the violence. Rather, Moslems believes that all days belong to Allah while Christians believe that Bible teaches that since God created the Earth in six days and rested on the seventh day man must also rest on the seventh day. Another such riot killed over 100 people in October 2001 in Kano State. The main forms of inter-religious conflicts in Nigeria are between the Muslims and the Christians.