The study of Sociology is important but the level of importance is debatable. What is the importance of sociology? By describing and explaining these social arrangements and how they shape our lives, sociologists help us to make sense of the world around us and better understand ourselves. Auguste Comte: Then came the age of Auguste Comte who is rightly called the founder of Sociology because it was he who sought to establish a science which would embrace the totality of human life and activities. It embraces all social sciences within its scope. The present industrial society cannot be understood without such knowledge. The scholastic philosophy was a conservative philosophy.
There is wide corruption at every level of governmental machinery. It is not difficult to see that no social science is completely independent of other social sciences. Sociology is thus, according to him, concerned with the analysis and classification of types of social relationships. They believe that Sociology is a specific, pure and independent science and thus its scope should be limited. Graham Wallace, Me Dougall and Hobhouse in England and Ward, Giddings, Cooley, Mead and Dewey in America all tried to interpret social evolution in psychological terms in their own ways and fields. In order to have insight into and appreciation of the motives by which others live and the conditions under which they exist knowledge of sociology is essential. They regard sociology as pure and independent.
Sociology has made great contribution to enrich human cultureHuman culture has been made richer by the contribution of sociology. It is obvious that social evils do not just happen and everything has its due cause. There is, therefore, a particular need for the strengthening of these institutions and one of the first essentials is the scientific study of their problems and situations. Max Weber combines two schools of thought, i. Sociology because of its bearing upon many of the problems of the present world has assumed such a great importance that it is considered to be the best approach to all the social sciences. It is in this connection that the need of urban socio is felt. As occupation forms the main basis for other social activities, we call a city an agglomeration where people are engaged in other than agricultural occupations.
It only signifies the existence of systematic methods of enquiry. According to Lowie most of us harbor the comfortable delusion that our way of doing things is the only sensible if not only possible one. Understanding urban sociology will make you process micro to macro levels of planning needed to be directly felt by the people. It is argued that social sciences like Economics, History, Political Science etc. The scholastics have been proved false in their thesis that nothing social can be changed since men have been constantly changing their societies. The heavenly bodies cannot be induced to put in an appearance in the laboratory.
But in the social field the world has been left behind by the revolutionary progress of the science. Sociologist have the basic and primary objective is to build up knowledge about the society and social interaction. The Greeks: It is true that science of Sociology as we understand it today definitely emerged very late but it does not mean that no attempts were made to explain human relations and behaviour earlier than 1839. The theory emerged from Marxism which was based primarily on the premise of economic exploitation of one class by another. Some of the definitions of Sociology are as follows: 1. By these,we know that man is a social animal.
The term, sociology is not very old. Thus, Sociology is a general science of society and specialised discipline. Sociology has quite adequate methods. Helps in Preservation and Growth of Culture: The sociologists collect information about their culture. As a result, people are facing many new and complicated social problems.
The Scholastics: The period thereafter was overshadowed and overwhelmed by scholastic thinking. The relationship of one group to another. In the composition of population factors like the sex ratio, race wise and age- group wise size of population, the ratio of rural and urban population, distribution of population according to religion and language, occupational distribution of population, agricultural and industrial structure and per sq. We shall not, for example, study religion as religion, art as art, or government as government, but as the forces that maintain and control social relations. To construct a building we collect materials like cement, bricks, lime, iron, steel, sand, wood etc.
Knowledge for what, is an important question. It should not be forgotten that each branch of social physiology is related to a set of social facts, which is nothing but activities of social groups. In other words, the individual can by no means be ignored in the study of sociology. Another person may say that following simple rules has a positive effect on our living. As a matter of fact, Sociology has a limited field of enquiry and deals with those problems which are not dealt with by other social sciences.
A bottle may be either of plastic or any other material. A prime example would be a married couple with children who then decide to divorce. There is a great degree of difference of opinion regarding the definitions, scope and subject matter of Sociology. In the opinion of this group Sociology is a general science. It helps us to determine the most efficient means for reaching the goals agreed upon.