In genetics, a from the normal structure or number of chromosomes in an organism. In view of all this, the existence of congenital inversion can certainly be questioned. This may give us a hint that the sexual impulse itself may not be something simple, that it may on the contrary be composed of many components which detach themselves to form perversions. A chromosome anomaly may be detected or confirmed in this manner. The perfect concurrence with the behavior of the corresponding positive perversions is certainly very noteworthy. It would seem more appropriate not to speak of degeneration: 1 Where there are not many marked deviations from the normal; 2 where the capabilities and the capacity to exist do not in general appear markedly impaired.
The significance of the erogenous zones in the psychoneuroses, as additional apparatus and substitutes for the genitals, appears to be most prominent in hysteria though that does not signify that it is of lesser validity in the other morbid forms. There is much truth in this but it should not be forgotten that the secondary and tertiary sex characteristics very frequently manifest themselves in the other sex, thus indicating androgyny without, however, involving changes in the sexual object in the sense of an inversion. Sexually speaking, behavior deviating from what is considered normal sexual practices. There is something else in the sexual impulse which is the essential and constant. The nature of inversion is explained by neither the assumption that it is congenital or that it is acquired.
Some take the inversion as a matter of course, just as the normal looking at his libido does, firmly demanding the same rights as the normal. The latter, if I may draw conclusions from a single analysis, is in a most pronounced way true of exhibitionists, who expose their genitals so as in turn to bring to view the genitals of others. The conclusions reached through the investigation of sexual inverts are all based on the reports of J. In the loathing we may observe one of the forces which have brought about the limitations of the sexual aim. In contradistinction to this conception is that which assumes inversion to be an acquired character of the sexual impulse.
Sadger and on my own experience. The Significance of Other Parts of the Body. It can be from an atypical number of chromosomes or a structural abnormality in one or more chromosomes. It shows that the symptoms do not by any means result at the expense only of the so-called normal sexual impulse at least not exclusively or preponderately , but they represent the converted expression of impulses which in a broader sense might be designated as perverse if they could manifest themselves directly in phantasies and acts without deviating from consciousness. The ancients extolled the impulse and were ready to ennoble through it even an inferior object, while we disparage the activity of the impulse as such and only countenance it on account of the merits of the object. The word sodomy acquired different meanings over time.
Sodomy Anal or oral intercourse between human beings, or any sexual relations between a human being and an animal, the act of which may be punishable as a criminal offense. In the determination of sex, as far as heterosexual persons are concerned some are disproportionately more strongly developed than others. These centers develop first towards puberty mostly under the influence of the independent sex glands. The covering of the body, which keeps abreast with civilization, serves to arouse sexual inquisitiveness, which always strives to restore for itself the sexual object by uncovering the hidden parts. This may affect the sex chromosomes as well as non-sex chromosomes or autosomes. See: , sodomy noun , , , , , , , , , , sodomy the crime of having even consensual sex by insertion of the male member into the rectum of another person.
The physicians who at first studied the perversions in pronounced cases and under peculiar conditions were naturally inclined to attribute to them the character of a morbid or degenerative sign similar to the inversions. General Statements Applicable to all Perversions Variation and Disease. Chromosome mutation was formerly used in a strict sense to mean a change in a chromosomal segment, involving more than one. In the development of this most manifold anatomical over-estimation there is an unmistakable desire towards variation, a thing denominated by Hoche as excitement-hunger Reizhunger. Accordingly, only the filthy and ill-smelling foot is the sexual object in the perversion which corresponds to the foot fetichism.
In a pronounced case of psychoneurosis we seldom find the development of one single perverted impulse; usually there are many and regularly there are traces of all perversions. If one disregards the patients of ones own practice and strives to comprehend a wider field of experience, he will in two directions encounter facts which will prevent him from assuming inversions as a degenerative sign. The experience gained from the so-called abnormal cases teaches us that there exists between the sexual impulse and the sexual object a connection which we are in danger of overlooking in the uniformity of normal states where the impulse seems to bring with it the object. The sexual impulse is probably entirely independent of its object and does not depend on the stimuli of the same for its origin. The same also holds true in the somatic androgyny. In July 2003 the Supreme Court reversed itself on the issue of sodomy.
As I have already stated in different places, the symptoms are the sexual activities of the patient. We have heard that it is a question whether perversions should be referred to congenital determinations or whether they originate from accidental experiences, just as Binet showed in fetichisms. We thus see that certain perverted propensities regularly appear in contrasting pairs, a thing which, in view of the material to be produced later, must claim great theoretical value. The Sexual Aim of Inverts. The Psychic Participation in the Perversions. These are the general determinations for the transition of mere variations of the sexual impulse into pathological aberrations. Nevertheless, the eye corresponds to an erogenous zone in the looking and exhibition mania, while the skin takes on the same part in the pain and cruelty components of the sexual impulse.
The force which is opposed to the peeping mania and through which it is eventually abolished is shame like the former loathing. This is why chromosome studies are often performed on parents when a child is found to have an anomaly. In women, too, the sexual aims of the inverted are manifold, among which contact with the mucous membrane of the mouth seems to be preferred. But many are abnormal in their sexual life who in every other respect correspond to the average; they have followed the human cultural development but sexuality remains as their weak point. Bloch has over-estimated the factor of excitement-hunger Reizhunger.