In Maharashtra India more than 70% of cultivated area has been reported to get affected by the erosion in varying degrees. The scheme at present stands subsumed in Macro Management Scheme. Fourth Five Year Plan 1969-70 to 1973-74 : During this five year plan the following main achievements were obtained: 1. Sedimentation has been reduced to 3. Out of these about 40 mha lands are badly affected and need immediate control measures. Farmers have practiced soil conservation for millennia. Soil Conservation Strategies for Non-Cultivated Lands: The non-cultivated land is concerned the pasture lands are taken into consideration for preparing the soil conservation strategies.
On net treatable area basis with additional activities and improved institutional mechanism. The continuous high level of the led to. To reduce its P fertilizer import dependence, India could, for example, substitute up to 19% of the presently applied mineral P if manure used as a household fuel were recycled, and up to 21% if P was fully recovered from wastewater and household waste. In the first five year plan, the urgency has been given for making the nationwide policy, dealing with various existing problems, which resulted into recognization of soil and water conservation work plan. The plight of the landless is worse.
J S Bali being among them in lead. Therefore, a paradigm shift is required for enhancing the system's productivity and sustainability. The agronomic measures combined with good soil management practices provide better influence on detachment and transportation of soil particles in the process of soil erosion, whereas mechanical measures are effective in controlling the transportation process by creating checks at regular intervals along the water flow course. Integrated watershed management approach has been adopted as a key national strategy for sustainable development of rural areas. When deciding the conservation measures to employ, the first preference should always be given to the agronomical measures; not to the mechanical measures, because of the following reasons: I.
The aim of soil conservation strategies for cultivated land is to establish and maintain a good ground cover for controlling the soil erosion. Third Five Year Plan 1966-67 to 1968-69 : In this five year plan, the works which were carried out during previous three five years plan were continued. Sediment yield from stream bank D, E c. Also, the objective need to reduce the erosion for checking nutrient loss from the agricultural land, or indirectly to prevent the pollution of water bodies; to decrease the sedimentation rate in reservoirs, rivers, canals and ditches are very important. The argument was simple: There is the Agriculture Department to get food from the land; there is the Forest Department to get wood from the land; there is the Water Resources Ministry to get water from the land; but there is no Ministry or even a Department for care and conservation of the mother Resource of the Land.
The then President 1993-2003 of the Society pursued the matter vigorously along with other members. And about 32% of lands are heavily eroded, which are no longer to cultivable. So far sixteen regional chapters have been established in different states. The subsequent creation of protected areas and breeding rhinos on private ranches has been a spectacular success. They are at: i Dehradun, ii Bellary, iii Agra, iv Hazari bagh, v Chandigarh, vi Kota, vii Ooctamund, and vii Vasad and Chatra Nepal.
Sound technical and latest advanced knowledge of soil and water conservation livestock. Agriculture and land use now need diversification and value addition through processing. The villagers said we could somehow manage to bring the water from that pond, but sadly we could only irrigate few acres. On the basis of relative erodibility, all the watersheds were classified into sub-watersheds. A field investigation was carried out during the rainy season kharif 2001 and 2002 at the Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, to establish the agronomic management practices for direct-seeded rice Oryza sativa L. Salt breaks down the soil structure, causing infertility and reduced growth. During Tenth Plan, an area of 0.
Declination in range land productivity h. The Scheme aims at improving physical conditions and productivity status of alkali soils for restoring optimum crop production. The first step towards protection and management of the soil resource is. The sequence of events to be considered for planning soil conservation strategy, suggested by Perrens and Trustrum 1984 are given as under: Land and Water Resource Inventory : i Land Resource Inventory: a. Land without soil cannot sustain life. This requires analyses of trends and variations in P flows and stocks over time.
The Society has also achieved another milestone. National Conference on Watershed Management on Sloping Lands for Environment and Livelihood Security, November 11-13, 2010 at Shillong Meghalya. A number of technological innovation and diversification options have been suggested to overcome the system's sustainability problems but some of them have not been fully embraced by the farmers as these are expensive, knowledge-intensive, or do not fit into the system and have resulted in some other unforeseen problems. The mineral P import dependency ratio is constant at around 93%. New Delhi-110012 Tel: 011-25848244; Telefax: 011-25848244; Mobile: +919868808980 E-Mail: soilcsi gmail. Contour ploughing was practiced by the ancient , and is effective for slopes between two and ten percent. Dry-matter accumulation, leaf-area index, effective tillers etc.